Pariwisata Pascapandemi: Pelajaran Penting dan Prospek Pengembangan

  • M Galieh Gunagama Universitas Islam Indonesia
  • Yumna Rana Naurah
  • Arganis Ellyza P. Prabono
Keywords: Perencanaan Pariwisata, Pariwisata Pascapandemi, COVID-19

Abstract

Wabah COVID-19 yang merebak pada awal tahun 2020 membawa dampak yang signifikan dalam perikehidupan umat manusia di seluruh dunia. Usaha mengurangi penyebaran penyakit berujung pembatasan mobilitas secara masif. Hal ini berimbas pada melemahnya sektor pariwisata global dengan estimasi kerugian hingga miliaran dolar. Paper ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji kembali hikmah yang dapat dipetik dari pandemi bagi bidang pariwisata; dan gagasan prospek pengembangan yang mungkin muncul setelah pandemi mereda. Studi yang dilakukan mencakup studi literatur dan diskusi pengembangan gagasan bagi diversifikasi pariwisata untuk meningkatkan resiliensi. Munculnya kekhawatiran akan tertular penyakit dari orang asing; meningkatnya kesadaran tentang kesehatan; perlu adanya dukungan bersama bagi sektor pariwisata; serta opsi-opsi pengembangan pariwisata melalui teknologi digital merupakan diskusi yang berkembang seputar pariwisata dan pandemi. Sedangkan gagasan prospek pariwisata pascapandemi berkaitan erat dengan model wisata yang dapat memecah konsentrasi massa serta peningkatan pariwisata digital dan dark tourism sebagai bagian dari strategi diversifikasi jangka menengah dan panjang.

References

Dayangku, Sade. 2020. Don’t Make Post-MCO Travel Plans Yet If You Haven’t Heard Of These 5 Tourism Predictions. Vulcan Post. 20 April 2020. Diakses 12 Mei 2020. https://vulcanpost.com/696388/tourism-travel-industry-malaysia-rebound-predictions-mco/https://vulcanpost.com/696388/tourism-travel-industry-malaysia-rebound-predictions-mco/.

Dcode. 2020. INFOGRAPHICS- DECODING THE ECONOMICS OF COVID-19. Dcode Economic & Financial Consulting. Diakses 14 Mei 2020. https://dcodeefc.com/infographics.

Dredge, Dianne, Giang Phi, Renuka Mahadevan, Eóin Meehan, dan Elena Silvia Popescu. 2018. Digitalisation in Tourism: In-depth analysis of challenges and opportunities. Copenhagen: Aalborg University.

Fielding, James. 2020. Targeted for being Chinese: Celebrity London restaurateur whose guests have included Prince Charles, Jonathan Ross and Stephen Fry tells of racist backlash over Covid-19 - and reveals his own car tyres were slashed. MAILONLINE. 30 April 2020. Diakses 12 Mei 2020. https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8269673/Celebrity-London-restaurateur-tells-racist-Chinese-backlash-Covid-19-slashed-tyres.html.

FLATTEN THE CURVE. 2020. FLATTEN THE CURVE. SAVE LIVES. Diakses 13 Mei 2020. https://www.flattenthecurve.com/.

Foley, M., dan J. J. Lennon. 1996. "JFK and dark tourism: a fascination with assassination." International Journal of Heritage Studies 2 (4): 198-211. doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/13527259608722175.

Garjito, Dany. 2020. Video Viral Turis China Tiba di Bandara Kendari Diteriaki 'Corona Datang'. suara.com. 16 Maret 2020. Diakses 12 Mei 2020. https://www.suara.com/news/2020/03/16/114354/video-viral-turis-china-tiba-di-bandara-kendari-diteriaki-corona-datang.

Google. 2020. Google Arts & Culture. Diakses Mei 10, 2020. https://artsandculture.google.com/.

Isdarmanto. 2017. Dasar-Dasar Kepariwisataan dan Pengelolaan ODTW Pariwisata. Yogyakarta: Gerbang Media Aksara. Diakses 12 Mei 2020. http://perpus.univpancasila.ac.id/repository/EBUPT190173.pdf.

Jamal, Tazim, dan Christine Budke. 2020. "Tourism in a world with pandemics: local-global responsibility and action." Journal of Tourism Futures 6 (1). https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/JTF-02-2020-0014/full/html.

Jing Travel. 2020. Will ‘Revenge Travel’ Spark a Rebound for China’s Domestic Market? 20 April 2020. Diakses 12 Mei 2020. https://jingtravel.com/revenge-travel-spark-rebound-labor-day/.

Kissler, Stephen M., Christine Tedijanto, Edward Goldstein, Yonatan H. Grad, and Marc Lipsitch. 2020. Projecting the transmission dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 through the postpandemic period. Science. Diakses 10 Mei 2020. doi:10.1126/science.abb5793.

Lovell, Lucy. 2020. Check out these virtual tours of museums around the world. Time Out England Limited. 6 April 2020. Diakses 10 Mei 2020. https://www.timeout.com/travel/virtual-museum-tours.

Menkes RI. 2020. "PERATURAN MENTERI KESEHATAN REPUBLIK INDONESIA NOMOR 9 TAHUN 2020 TENTANG PEDOMAN PEMBATASAN SOSIAL BERSKALA BESAR DALAM RANGKA PERCEPATAN PENANGANAN CORONA VIRUS DISEASE 2019." Diakses 14 Mei 2020.

http://hukor.kemkes.go.id/uploads/produk_hukum/PMK_No__9_Th_2020_ttg_Pedoman_Pembatasan_Sosial_Berskala_Besar_Dalam_Penanganan_COVID-19.pdf.

Mufti, Riza Rodilla. 2020 . Tourism will take at least a year to recover from COVID-19 outbreak: Economists. The Jakarta Post. 6 April 2020. Diakses 12 Mei 2020. https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/04/06/tourism-will-take-at-least-a-year-to-recover-from-covid-19-outbreak-economists.html.

Natividad, Ivan. 2020. Racist harassment of Asian health care workers won’t cure coronavirus. Berkeley News. 9 April 2020. Diakses 12 Mei 2020. https://news.berkeley.edu/2020/04/09/racist-harassment-of-asian-health-care-workers-wont-cure-coronavirus/.

Obias, Rudie. 2020. 12 World-Class Museums You Can Visit Online. MENTAL FLOSS. 17 Maret 2020. Diakses 10 Mei 2020. https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/75809/12-world-class-museums-you-can-visit-online.

Ouyang, Iris. 2020. China’s airlines are poised for a bout of post-coronavirus ‘revenge travelling’ as tourism bookings soar ahead of Labour Day holiday. South China Morning Post. 17 April 2020. Diakses 12 Mei 2020. https://www.scmp.com/business/companies/article/3080361/chinas-airlines-are-poised-bout-revenge-travelling-bookings.

Pitana, I Gde, dan Putu Diah Sastri Pitanatri. 2016. "DIGITAL MARKETING IN TOURISM: The More Global, The More Personal." International Tourism Conference: Promoting Cultural and Heritage Tourism. Bali.

Ratiu, Monica Paula, dan Ioan Matei Purcarea. 2015. "Digital Tourism on the Way to Digital Marketing Success." Organization of Marketing in Tourism in Romania. Bucharest. Diakses 10 Mei 2020.

http://holisticmarketingmanagement.ro/RePEc/hmm/v5i2/5.pdf.

Roland Berger GmbH. 2020. Our corona economic impact series - Part 2. 26 Maret 2020. Diakses 14 Mei 2020. https://www.rolandberger.com/en/Point-of-View/Coronavirus-Current-status-and-economic-impact-forecast.html.

Sentosa. 2020. WELCOME TO A VIRTUAL SENTOSA. Diakses 11 Mei 2020. https://www.sentosa.com.sg/campaigns/virtualsentosa.

Sezgin, Erkan, dan Medet Yolal. 2012. "Golden Age of Mass Tourism: Its History and Development." Dalam Visions for Global Tourism Industry – Creating and Sustaining Competitive Strategies, diedit oleh Murat Kasimoglu, 73-90. InTech. doi:10.5772/37283.

Tarlow, P. 2005. "Dark tourism: The appealing "dark" side of tourism and more." Dalam Niche Tourism: Contemporary Issues, Trends and Cases, oleh M. Novelli, 47 -57. Oxford: Elsevier.

UNWTO. 2020a. "Impact assessment of the COVID-19 outbreak on international tourism." UN World Tourism Organization. Diakses 13 Mei 2020. https://webunwto.s3.eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/2020-03/24-03Coronavirus.pdf.

—. 2020b. "SUPPORTING JOBS AND ECONOMIES THROUGH TRAVEL & TOURISM: A Call for Action to Mitigate the Socio-Economic Impact of COVID-19 and Accelerate Recovery." UN World Tourism Organization. 1 April 2020. Diakses 13 Mei 2020. https://webunwto.s3.eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/2020-04/COVID19_Recommendations_English_1.pdf.

WHO. 2020a. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. World Health Organization. Diakses 12 Mei 2020. http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/health-emergencies/coronavirus-covid-19/novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov.

—. 2020b. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public. World Health Organization. 29 April 2020. Diakses 14 Mei 2020. https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public.

—. 2020c. "Anjuran mengenai penggunaan masker dalam konteks COVID-19." World Health Organization. 6 April 2020. Diakses 14 Mei 2020. https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/searo/indonesia/covid19/anjuran-mengenai-penggunaan-masker-dalam-konteks-covid-19.pdf?sfvrsn=8a209b04_2.

Worldometer. 2020. COVID-19 CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC. Diakses 13 Mei 2020. https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/.

Published
2020-08-17
How to Cite
[1]
Gunagama, M.G., Naurah, Y.R. and Prabono, A.E.P. 2020. Pariwisata Pascapandemi: Pelajaran Penting dan Prospek Pengembangan. LOSARI : Jurnal Arsitektur Kota dan Pemukiman. 5, 2 (Aug. 2020), 56 - 68. DOI:https://doi.org/10.33096/losari.v5i2.76.
Section
Artikel